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Differentiating factors

Common differentiating factors associated with diabetes mellitus in dogs are:

  • Weight loss despite a good appetite
  • Polyuria/polydipsia

Weight loss despite a good appetite

Noticeable weight loss in a dog may cause a concerned pet owner to visit a veterinarian. Although diabetes mellitus is a common diagnosis, other factors that can cause these clinical signs should be considered. The following algorithm can be used in determining an accurate diagnosis.

Click on thumbnail for full image:

Adapted from Rijnberk A. Clinical Endocrinology of Dogs and Cats. Kluwer Academic Publishers, NL. 1996:222.

Polyuria/polydipsia

Quite often, dog owners visit their veterinarians when their dogs are urinating in the house and/or consuming large amounts of water. Although diabetes mellitus is a well known cause of polyuria and polydipsia, there are many other factors to consider. The following algorithm can be used in determining the cause of the problem.

Click on thumbnail for full image:

Adapted from Rijnberk A. Clinical Endocrinology of Dogs and Cats. Kluwer Academic Publishers, NL. 1996:221.