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Differentiating factors

Common differentiating factors associated with diabetes mellitus in cats are:

  • Weight loss despite a good appetite
  • Polyuria
  • Polydipsia
  • Polyphagia

Weight loss despite a good appetite

Noticeable weight loss in a cat may cause a concerned cat owner to visit the veterinarian. Although diabetes mellitus is a common diagnosis, other factors that can cause these clinical signs should be considered. The following algorithm can help you make an accurate diagnosis:

Click on thumbnail for full image:

Adapted from Rijnberk A. Clinical Endocrinology of Dogs and Cats. Kluwer Academic Publishers, NL. 1996:222.

Polyuria/polydipsia

Quite often, cat owners visit their veterinarian when their cat is urinating in the house or consuming large amounts of water. Although diabetes mellitus is a well-known cause of polyuria and polydipsia, there are many other factors to consider. The following algorithm can help you identify the cause.

Click on thumbnail for full image:

Adapted from Rijnberk A. Clinical Endocrinology of Dogs and Cats. Kluwer Academic Publishers, NL. 1996:221.

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